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Symptoms of eruption of wisdom teeth

wisdom tooth all symptoms

The most difficult both when cutting and during their life, the so-called wisdom teeth. Yet they are called simply “eights” because of the location on the jaw – and the top and bottom on both sides, they are eighth.

Start to grow such teeth much later than the others – between the ages of 16 to 30 years. In addition, they bring a lot of unpleasant and even painful feelings.

Features of “eights”

All posterior teeth are designated as molars. In dentistry, third molars are known as wisdom teeth. In total, a human has two pairs of them. They have exactly the same structure as the rest – the root, the neck and the crown, which is covered with enamel.

Due to the fact that they are the last in a row, they are not clamped on both sides, like all the others.

One of the characteristics of wisdom teeth is that its root may be uneven, ornate shape. But it is most likely due to the size and characteristics of the structure of the jaw. A size of “eights” themselves is practically identical to the size of the other teeth, designed for chewing.

In fact, these teeth are a throwback. Considering the lifestyle of our ancestors to the mid-life they lost one or more teeth, then for normal chewing, there were “eights”.

After the change of the shape of your skull, associated with a growth of the brain and the introduction to the diet a soft food there was no longer enough place for these teeth on the jaw.

Painful eruption is the result of one more interesting features of the “eights”: they grow immediately, without milk teeth.

To some extent, this process is similar to that which occurs for children: milk teeth, as well, first cut through the gums, which may be accompanied by not only unpleasant itching and pain but also may cause a strong increase in temperature.

Similarly, adults – wisdom tooth symptoms are often such as temperature as well as the fact that many feel gums sore in the “eight”.

Main characteristics of eruption

pain in the gums wisdom tooth during its growthThere are a wide variety of symptoms. In rare cases, there is a complete lack of them -Almost nothing disturbs the person. However, often due to the eruption many unpleasant feelings may occur.

Their kind and nature are individual, dependent on the structural features of the skull and the body in general.

The most frequent manifestations

  • Pain in the jaw. This is due to the fact that the tooth is trying to make its way first through the bone, and then through the gum.
  • Inflammation of gum tissue in the spot of a growth. As a result, it becomes difficult and unpleasant to swallow.
  • Swelling of the gums and the adjacent spot of the mucous membrane of the mouth.
  • The presence of a kind of “hood” that covers the tip of the “eight”.
  • Inflammatory activity under the “hood”, resulting from the fact that there is food debris, serving for the development of pathogens.
  • Swollen lymph nodes under the jaw, which indicates the beginning of the inflammatory process.

In the first place, if you have noticed such symptoms, you have to appeal to a specialist – a dentist, otherwise neglect to wisdom teeth and its growth can cause serious complications and problems.

The biggest misgiving should emerge at significant edemas, not only in the area of ​​the gums but also at the neighboring spots of the cheeks. This is an evidence of the probable development of the strong inflammation under the “hood”. In the most severe cases, this process may even lead to the blood poisoning.

Major types of problems with growth

There are several problems which often arise when the “eights” grow. Each of them has its own reasons. Similar symptoms can be, but it is very individual.

Perikoronarit

Is the most common kind of complications.

Can significantly damage overall health, there is a strong swelling of the gums in the area of the edge of the jaw and cheeks, fever. In addition, the gum itself is greatly hurt, despite the fact that except for swelling and redness, no variation is seen, that is, a tooth has not cut through.

In this case, most likely, pericoronitis develops. That is called is called the inflammation of the tissues (gums) that surround a tooth, when a tooth is severely congested, during a slow or incomplete eruption.

Pathogenic bacteria and microorganisms that develop among food debris under the “hood”, are normally not dangerous to humans. However, the growing crown of the tooth can damage the gums.

Sometimes the injury is caused by chewing a hard and tough food. It is in this case when such complications appear.

With its further development, it can become painful and severely restrict mouth opening (moving jaw). This is due to the spread of inflammation to the jaw muscle.

If untreated, a transition of the inflammatory process to the purulent stage is possible. At the same time, there is a danger of hurting the tooth and its root, bone, periosteum, and even the neighboring teeth.

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Increased risk of dental caries

 caries can occur due to wisdom toothIf a cut through “eight” takes on an incorrect jaw position and is too close to the adjacent crown, the gap will accumulate leftovers. This means an almost impossible cleaning of the area because of the rather snug fit and pain.

This can be a cause of dental caries in this place, rolling on the adjacent tooth.

Dystopia

Dystopic molar is that, which occupies the uncharacteristic position relative to the jaw.

It is very common among the “eights”. Wrong growth is due to lack of space. Upper third molars may injure cheek from the inside, as growing in her direction. It serves as the basis for the formation of common ulcerative mucosal lesions.

Also, the lack of space in the jaw and abnormal position of “eights” may even lead to a change (deformation)of occlusion at all.

Impacted “eight”

This means that the eruption has not been completed. In this case, the tooth is to be located under the gum tissue or jaw bone. Sometimes it can absolutely not cause any trouble. This situation persists for many years until there is a place by precipitation or removal of the adjacent teeth.

However, impacted “eight” can exert a strong pressure on adjacent teeth and contribute to its rapid destruction. Pain can arise in this case not only in the cheek and gums but even in the whole jaw, as well as head and throat. Such feelings may be periodic and permanent.

Periodontitis

It is an inflammation of the gum area, caused by the difficulty of cleaning. At the same time, food particles constantly accumulate in the periodontal space and on the very crown.

These particles are extremely fertile ground for all sorts of bacteria, which triggers inflammation.

If one doesn’t use a specialized help on time, one could end up getting even more unpleasant and even dangerous problem – periostitis. This word hides a familiar name – flux.

Reduce inflammation, pain, and some manifestations of growth

  1. First of all, you need to make an appointment with the dentist. He will produce a resection of the so-called hood or will make an incision in the gum, which greatly facilitate the growth process, freeing the way for the tooth. However, this is only possible in the case when the “eight” is correctly positioned.
  2. There is no way to accelerate the growth, but it is possible to remove or substantially reduce the painful and unpleasant feelings.

    It is recommended to take simple analgesics that are purchased at any pharmacy without a prescription, for example, the usual Analgin. To apply a pill to the inflamed gum is strictly prohibited, as this may cause the ulcers. It must be taking with the water.

  3. It is also prohibited to do hot compresses, or to warm a cheek in the place which hurts. It can activate, accelerate and complicate inflammation. Then, it will trigger the transition to the adjacent gums and tissues and will widely spread.
  4. Antiseptic rinses are very common and effective method of dealing with similar problems. Soda and salt solution will make a good use.

    Such rinsing can help prevent the development of purulent processes, washing away germs, bacteria, and food debris, and thus greatly reduce the inflammation.

  5. The variant of the complete removal of the problematic tooth is possible.

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Is there a need for removal?

extraction wisdom teethThere is a fairly common mind among dentists, that that it is better to remove wisdom teeth in advance, even in adolescence, because at this time its root system is not yet fully formed, and the jaw itself is not too dense.

It’s quite a simple way, which, however, is not quite true. It makes no sense to remove a perfectly healthy tooth that will not deliver a lot of problems when growing.

Removal is not necessary if:

  • there is no interference with the eruption;
  • a possibility of qualitative and complete cure;
  • there is a need for support during the prosthesis, and the tooth is not shifted very much.

In any case, before deciding on such a dental surgery, it is better to wait for the beginning of the process and consult a doctor. Any dentist will send a patient with such problem for an X-ray of the desired area of the jaw.

Take a decision only after receiving the image. It may be that nothing prevents the “eight” to cut through, just the process continues very slowly.

Wisdom teeth actually deliver a certain amount of discomfort. However, we must not think that this is only the problems and complications. And described above are only examples of what is possible during their growth. A timely visit to the dental clinic will help to avoid any complications.

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