Periodontitis is not a rare problem, so you should talk about it more carefully. In particular, about the symptoms and the causes of the disease. What is periodontitis?
The name comes from the word periodontal – a set of specific tissues that surround the tooth and allows it to be attached to the bone and hold tight in the hole, not dropping and not moving. This tissue is located on the perimeter of the root and starts from the very gum.
Periodontitis has several forms, but each of them means that the inflammatory process has begun in the periodontal connective tissue. The disease can occur for various reasons quite independently of age.
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That is why it is necessary to know the main symptoms of various forms of such inflammations, in order to timely consult a specialist and to take the necessary measures.
Do not confuse it with the pulpitis. They have a significant difference in the localization, despite the often similar symptoms.
The fact that the pulpitis is also an inflammatory disease, however, all processes take place exclusively in the tooth pulp. The pulp is a soft tissue, which is located in the teeth.
In any form of pulpitis, no changes are observed in the surrounding tissues, and the tooth is firmly in the gum. Periodontitis may occur as a complication of pulpitis when the infection goes down to the root apex, and through the root canal comes out.
Typically, an experienced physician after describing manifestations can assume the appearance of the disease. This is what does the classical clinical diagnosis comprises:
The pretty big difficulty is a diagnosis for children, as they are often unable for various reasons to accurately describe their feelings. In this case, it is desirable to make an X-ray.
X-rays when periodontitis is not only done for children because it clearly shows the localization of the process and the condition of the tissue.
With the development of all types of periodontitis, there may be their individual factors that lead to its emergence and development. Exactly by them, there is the differentiation of different forms of the disease. However, you can create a short list of common reasons which cover all types of a typical disease.
This list shows the two groups of reasons – infectious and non-infectious.
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Periodontitis is classified in two main directions.
The acute form is characterized by the fact that its development takes place in the limited area where there is a strong defensive reaction of the surrounding tissues.
The process is accompanied by different types of discharge, at the beginning – grayish, and after that- purulent. During his raised microabscesses merge into one purulent inflammatory center.
There are many symptoms, which can determine the shape and they are quite specific.
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Quite often, this form of the disease takes place virtually without any severe symptoms.
The chronic form is much worth than an acute because it does not encourage the person to consult an expert until a strong pain appears. It becomes a common cause of a tooth loss. When waiting too long, even the formation of cysts of a root is possible.
Here the symptoms are substantially the same as those in the acute form. The only difference is that the patient indicates the presence of long-time minor pain when pressing on the affected area, including when you press on the gum.
However, when a fistulous occurs an inflammation can be greatly reduced. Then the pain and other symptoms almost disappear.
There are several major medications that cause toxic or drug-induced periodontitis in contact with the tissues surrounding the tooth. These are arsenic, tricresol or formalin.
Now, such cases are relatively rare, as in the treatment of complex dental diseases more modern drugs are used.
The toxic form of periodontitis in almost all cases occurs just as an acute. Symptoms are identical, which causes great difficulties in the diagnosis:
One of the manifestations of specific general increase in sensitivity is considered from the side where the inflammation is located.
One of the symptoms, which may be called common, is an unpleasant smell, resulting from inflammation. This manifestation is typical for almost all types and forms of the disease.
This kind also has two forms of flow – chronic and acute. Chronic appears almost the same as the total infectious kind. This insignificant pain with pressure or biting.
The more severe form varies in symptoms, which can be caused by sports or any other injury. Almost always it is a root fracture or dislocation.
Among the complications of periodontitis, there are many that lead to the removal of the tooth. Therefore, the appearance of even minor symptoms must make you contact a dental clinic.