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How and using what is it to treat the inflammation of the gums?

gingival inflammation how to treat advice dentists

A huge number of people suffer from gum disease. If you start treatment on time, you can avoid a lot of problems. Because gum disease, in addition to being itself the cause of a lot of unpleasant and painful sensations, has the risk of dental problems. In some cases, this even leads to their loss.

Inflammation can be caused by several factors and occur for different people, regardless of a particular age group.

Types, symptoms, and causes

Gum disease has a name – gingivitis. The lack of therapeutic measures leads to an aggravation of the problems and the escalation of ordinary gingivitis to a more complex form. There are several types of this disease. Depending on what kind of variety is observed in a patient depends on the treatment.

Types of gingivitis

  • Catarrhal. This form is most common. The occurrence may be related to hormonal factors, as well as the neglecting measures ensuring the oral health. It is characterized by itching, discomfort while brushing teeth and food intake, bleeding, and halitosis.
  • Ulcerative. A more complex form, which may arise from the background of hypothermia, viral diseases, vitamin deficiency and low immunity. First, there is a sensation of itching, pain, further a strong swelling, cyanosis develop, and there is bleeding when pressure on the gums.
  • Atrophic. To clearly identify the causes is practically impossible. This problem is connected with the general state of the organism. Symptoms of inflammation are usually less pronounced than in previous forms, however, the disease is accompanied by atrophy of the gum tissue.
  • Hypertrophic. It is expressed by the gingival papillae grow and a partial cover of the tooth. Caused by various reasons, including hormonal imbalance, occlusal pathology, and development of dentition area, the possibility of permanent mechanical gingival trauma is associated with irregularly shaped teeth, fillings or denture.
  • Periodontitis. A periodontal tissue is a tissue surrounding the tooth root. Inflammation is caused by its infection. In most cases by the occurrence of caries. During this disease, there may be pain twitches around the teeth, fever. Sometimes you may receive a flux or a cystic.

Causes of the gum disease

There are some general factors that cause gingivitis:

  • Mechanical damage. May occur during brushing, burns, during meals, when incorrectly set crowns and fillings.
  • Pathogens that enter into the injured area, reinforce and exacerbate the inflammatory process.
  • Smoking. Due to the narrowing of vessels spasm food gums nutrition worsens.
  • Aphylaxis. The significant weakening of the protective forces of the organism leads to inflammation.
  • Deprivation of vitamin. It can cause inflammation, as well as aphylaxis due to reduced resistance.

drugs to treat the inflammation of the gums


First of all, at the first signs of inflammation in the gums, one should see a dentist. He will be able to accurately identify the shape and extent of the disease and prescribe adequate treatment for this.

However, it is not always possible to get an appointment immediately. It is, therefore, important to know which medications are used to relieve inflammation and treat the gingivitis. They can be purchased at any drugstore.


This phytomedicine is available in two forms – lotions and solution for rinsing.

Besides the treatment of gingivitis of varying stages, it can also be used to reduce the effects of surgery with periodontitis.

It contains extracts of many herbs and plants. Thanks to them, it has an anti-allergic, anti-microbial, anti-inflammatory and analgesic effect. In addition to a broad spectrum of action, it helps to speed up the regeneration of tissues.


The issuance forms are also different – toothpaste, spray, and solution for rinsing.

It is used not only for different forms of gingivitis but also with stomatitis and periodontitis.

Rinsing should be carried out twice a day. They help to relieve swelling and inflammation, remove pain and have an antimicrobial effect.


Another effective and popular means. As with the previous two, it is available as a solution.

It is used for almost all diseases of the gums, including periodontitis and gingivitis of all kinds.

Pros: contributes to a significant improvement of regeneration of damaged tissues, has an anti-inflammatory and analgesic effect, reduces (and later completely removes) hemorrhage.

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Other medications

In the early stages of development of gingivitis not only these drugs can be applied. There is quite a large list of things that you can use:

  • furatsilin for rinsing;
  • chlorhexidin;
  • for pain – aspirin and efferalgan;
  • Gel “Metrogil Dent”, which contains metronidazole and hlorgeksin;
  • Gel “Holisal” killing germs, reducing bleeding and pain.


Running and acute forms of gum tissue inflammation suggest antibiotics for effective treatment. To select a particular drug is better to consult a specialist. However, there is a list of tools that are more likely to be assigned by the dentist.

  • lincomycin (injection, capsule);
  • Metronidazole (tablets);
  • Clindamycin (injectable solution, capsule);
  • a ftorhinolov group for those who are not sensitive to other antibiotics – “tarivid”, “Sifloks”, “Nomitsin”.

Folk remedies

methods for the treatment of inflammation of the gums

There is a very wide range of people’s methods and tools for the treatment of inflammation of the gums. They are quite effective if the disease form is not acute and rather neglected.

Infusions and decoctions

The most commonly used are oak bark and sage decoctions. These two tools have not only antiseptic but also hemostatic and astringent action.

  • Oak bark. One tablespoon is poured with boiling water and is kept in a pot on low heat for about 5-7 minutes. After cooling, the resulting liquid is filtered. Rinsing – 2 times a day.
  • Sage. Prepared in the same way, and you need to rinse 3-4 times per day.
  • Also successfully used infusions of other plants – calamus, marshmallow, European bistort, chamomile, calendula, St. John’s worth, the leaves of walnut and others.

Medicinal plants – juice

To reduce inflammation, pain and disinfection the juice of certain plants is also used; rubbing it with circular moves in the affected gingiva, without strong pressure.

Mainly for this purpose, kalanchoe, aloe and sorrel are used.


Honey contains many active substances. In addition, it is the most effective natural preservative. This feature allows you to prevent the emergence of pathogenic bacteria.

Honey in an amount of 20 grams should be mixed with ordinary table salt (5 grams). The mixture is rubbed into the gums to get rid of bacteria.

Essential oils

Essential oils are used as a means for gum massage. If they do not cause allergic reactions then it is successfully used to improve blood circulation and regeneration of damaged tissue, as well as to reduce inflammation.

Typically, to solve problems with the gums peach, buckthorn, olive and pine oil are used. For a strong anti-inflammatory effect, it is better to do them with the same application.

Gingivitis in Children

Children, mostly due to insufficient hygiene measures have simple forms of gingivitis. Less commonly diagnosed are stomatitis and periodontitis.

The complex of therapeutic measures

For the treatment of children are mainly used the same drugs and medications only in a gentle manner.

  • First of all, you should contact your dentist. Removal of all kinds of plaque is included in the mandatory set of measures for the treatment of gingivitis in children. The doctor may use ultrasound for the removal, and after polish the teeth by means of special brushes.
  • In addition, with obvious symptoms – bleeding, pain and redness with swelling – antiseptic therapy are held. For this purpose, rinsing with chlorhexidine and miramistinom is applied. Also available is rinsing with the decoction of (do not use alcohol or solvents) sage, eucalyptus, and chamomile.
  • Gel “Holisal” can be used at any age, without limitation. It is to be rubbed into the gums in the affected areas. Thereafter, there is not recommended to eat for two hours.
  • “Metrogil-gel” is also successfully used for gingivitis, but its use is only possible after 6 years. The method of application is the same as that of gel “Holisal”.
  • In addition to these “Kamistad”, “Rotokan”, “Sanguirythrine”, “Romazulan” are also used.

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Gingivitis during pregnancy

Gingivitis during pregnancyWhen pregnancy the causes of gingivitis in most cases are the hormonal changes that occur in the female body.

In addition, gum disease in pregnant women occurs due to the most common reasons.

Treatment, in this case, is a full variety of measures that help to eliminate not only the consequences and manifestations but also the causes of disease.

  • Professional teeth cleaning from plaque and calculus. Treatment with anti-inflammatory agents that improve vascular tissue-permeability. This may be, for example, heparin ointment or 3% ointment of acetylsalicylic acid.
  • Physiotherapy. Also, in combination with other measures, massage and electrophoresis are used.
  • You can successfully use the rinse decoction of herbs – chamomile, sage, oak bark, tickseed, St. John’s wort, yarrow.
  • Diet and normalization of the diet are required. It should be increased by amounts of vitamins.

In any case, in the case of the gums inflammatory process, one should visit the dentist. This will help to avoid escalation of the disease to more complex and dangerous forms.

Tags gingivitis
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