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How and when do the children’s teeth grow?

how do teeth grow in little children

The first baby tooth is always a special occasion for any mom. It is important to know the key points related to the eruption, with possible problems that may arise due to the process, as well as methods for solving these problems.

How do teeth grow, in what order, what are the signs of growth, when there is no reason to worry, and when it is best to visit the dentist – current issues at all times when the family has the baby.


The process of appearance of the first teeth usually starts with 4-8 months, although very often later. The sequence of the eruption among kids is identical: incisors, canines, molars. Symptoms of this may be quite different for each child and for each individual case.

Happy parents find “gifts” in the mouth by accident, while others do not sleep long nights, suffering together with a child whose teeth grow poorly, and it experiences great pain.

Symptoms that may occur when teething

  • Anxiety, moodiness, sleep disturbances, loss of appetite. This can occur due to the painful or itchy sensation on the gums.
  • Salivation. If it is more often than usually.
  • Loose, inflamed gums. This symptom can appear a month before the eruption.
  • A child pulls in his mouth all the objects and bites them. This way the kid is trying to overcome itching of the gums.
  • Cough. If there are no signs of a cold, a cough can be caused by excessive salivation when cutting.
  • Rhinitis. A little cold, clear and not thick nasal liquid which is not more than 4 days.
  • Temperature. Opinions of doctors differ on the question whether such symptoms correlate with the fact of the eruption. Most are inclined to conclude that, in this period, the body is more susceptible to infection, and symptoms accompany an eruption as well as possible infection associated with this fact.
  • Diarrhea. The reason is excessive salivation. Diarrhea lasts no more than three days, with watery stool up to three times a day.

The order and sequence

Development of the child’s teeth begins with the prenatal period. There are no clear deadlines when the first incisors should appear, it is just as individual as the period closing of fontanelle on benevolent, weight and growth of the child.

It happens that a newborn is born with a 1-2 cutter, and it happens that the first jaw bone of a kid appears only with 20th month. Totally, at three years old children can boast with twenty milk teeth. It is believed that genetic predisposition is important for the period of the emergence of dairy units. However, do not take this fact as a rule for everyone.

time childrens teeth growth

Table #1. “When do teeth start to erupt and then fall out? Approximate terms.”

Name of a tooth Age of eruption (months)  Age of falling out (years)
Central incisors 0-12 6-7
Side incisors 9-16 7-8
Canines 16-23 9-12
Molars 13-33 9-12

Slow growth

Limits of growth of the first bone formations in the jaw are rather blurred, the intensity of their growth is an individual process that depends on many factors. If the baby’s teeth grow slowly, do not panic. Only in rare, exceptional cases, slow growth may be a sign of a disease.

It may be linked to fetal development, nutrition of a baby and a mother during gestation and lactation. For example, when with low amounts of vitamins and minerals in the body, especially of calcium, growth and eruption slows a bit down. Heredity can also affect the speed of the process.

If an incisor does not appear up to ten months, it is necessary to show the child to a qualified doctor. Only he will be able to diagnose the problem correctly.

Numerous infections can also slow down the growth, then the child must pass a set of examinings to determine the cause. Even the mother, who was ill during the period of gestation, can also be a reason for this problem.

The permanent maxillary bone after the milk ones do not also appear fast sometimes.

What can serve as a reason?

  • an unbalanced diet and, consequently, the lack of nutrients in the body;
  • a weakened immune system;
  • genetic predisposition.

If a milk tooth has already fallen out, and a permanent one does not hurry to grow for more than six months, the doctor’s diagnosis is required.

Only a specialist can identify the infection, gum disease, and assign the correct treatment. This requires analysis of urine and blood, and, in the case of gum disease – an X-ray.

What to do to accelerate growth?

  • a balanced diet, eat more fruits and vegetables, cheese and milk products. Limit the flour and sweet. Follow the rule of compatibility between a food product;
  • massage gums with light movements of fingers, there are special toys to ease teething process.

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What to do if a child’s teeth grow not properly and are not straight?

Sometimes parents are concerned about the large gaps in the jaws in children. Do not worry. With the growth of mammary formations, they rank according to the magnitude of the jaw, but as it grows, along with the growth of the child, the teeth can be moved apart, resulting in the cracks between them.

The reason for the visit to the orthodontist may be an asymmetrical arrangement of slits.

Causes of curved teeth in the jaw bone structures:

Why grow crooked teeth in children

  • if a mother was ill during gestation or had an unbalanced diet during pregnancy;
  • lack of calcium, nutrients in the body of the child;
  • prolonged exclusive breastfeeding (with 8 months of age, the child should be given not only mashed food);
  • chronic tonsillitis, rhinitis
  • adenoids;
  • tongue-tie;
  • genetic predisposition.

Consequences of distortions

Wise nature has created all the conditions for strong bones in the jaw for a good chewing process. “Trial” teeth gradually fall out and on their place, permanent teeth grow.

There is a misconception that baby’s teeth do not need to be treated in the case of caries.

Launched caries and subsequent loss of teeth create unfavorable conditions for the growth of permanent structures in the jaw bone. There may not be enough room for permanent teeth to grow, and the jaw will be formed incorrectly.

Malocclusion can cause tooth decay, periodontal disease, headaches, problems with the gastrointestinal tract, aesthetically bad looking curves of incisors and canines.

For modern medicine, it is easy to solve this problem by special plates – fixed and removable devices. Fixed construction is more expensive, but the alignment is much faster. You can remove the removable whenever you want, but it is worth considering that the removable plates are not effective for severe curvatures.

Permanent teeth can also be leveled by means of braces. Braces systems of a new generation are not similar to those that were twenty years ago. They can be transparent, thin, ceramic or composite; they are almost not visible.

All of them are strong and reliable, able to align any distortion.

But it is worth remembering that the earlier treatment is started, the faster the results will be obtained, as with age alignment requires much more time.

Actions of parents when a painful eruption takes place

If the eruption process of the child’s teeth is painful, it is necessary to know the basic measures to help the child during this period. Parents need to take the child in the arms more often than usually, swing, pet, try to distract him/her with an interesting game.

If the child is breastfed, these days it is better not to set a special timetable and give the breast at the first request. The difficult period lasts usually longer than three days.

In order to overcome the itching of the gums, you can offer the child a special rubberized baby toy. Pre-cool a toy in the freezer.

Some kids prefer to bite at this time a crust of bread or bagel, but to buy bread and bagels is better there where they are made especially for kids so that the product does not crumble, and the baby doesn’t choke.

At high temperatures, give the child Nurofen or Paracetamol. With a strong pain in the gums, you can use a special anesthetic gel, for example, Kalgel. You can apply it to a painful place no more than six times a day with light massage movements.

Rhinitis does not require treatment if it is caused by the eruption. there is no need in treating diarrhea neither, but you should give the child plenty of fluids to prevent dehydration.

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for new dental care in a childSometimes parents wonder: they don’t give sweets and a child eats calcium-rich foods, but the first formation in the jaw is still susceptible to tooth decay or destruction.

You need to clean new teeth from the moment of their appearance. First, you can use a damp cloth or soft brush.

The paste should be for children, you must carefully study the instruction, at what age it can be used. The presence of fluoride in the paste and some other substances is very dangerous for a small body.

Do not strongly rub with the brush as “newborns” are very sensitive. Cleaning is carried out in the morning, evening, and preferably after each feeding. Sweet snacks are preferably immediately after a meal, for then it is possible to clean the mouth.

It is especially important to clean teeth before bed, because at night there is less saliva, and bacteria multiply rapidly, causing tooth decay. In no case do not leave the mouth after a sweet candy, juice or milk for a night. The brush should be replaced every three months and processed with soap or hot water after each cleaning.

Thus, with the growth of teeth in your baby, the main thing is to show patience and to take responsibility for this significant event. Do not panic. In the case of the slightest anxiety, it is better to consult a doctor to prevent possible problems in the future.

Be attentive to your child, show him/her love and confidence, and soon the baby will smile at you with a charming white-toothed smile.

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