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What can be used for and how for treating stomatitis in child?

stomatitis the child on the lip

If the child becomes irritable and refuses to eat, if he has reddened swollen gums and the mucous membrane in the mouth sores, and becomes red – this is stomatitis.

Then the temperature can strongly rise, and bad breath is likely to appear, which did not exist before.


Symptoms are very diverse in the case of stomatitis. But even in the early stages, children have common symptoms, which helps to recognize the disease in early stages:

  • often caprice;
  • sleep disturbances;
  • refusal of food due to pain;
  • the appearance of mouth odor;
  • fever;
  • high temperature
  • violation of the integrity of the mouth or external changes – swelling, redness, sore and so on.

Symptoms depend on the specific form and kind (light, heavy, medium) disease. The foregoing features are common, but there are others which, depending on many factors may also often occur.

In some cases, they can be both basic and optional attendant:

  • lethargy;
  • nasal cold with a cough (because of this stomatitis can be initially mistaken for the common cold);
  • thickening of submandibular lymph nodes;
  • painful red with white sores in the mouth;
  • lesions not only in the mouth cavity but also near the mouth;
  • yellow layer on the lips;
  • signs of intoxication – fever, muscle pain and weakness.

What is this notion about?

Stomatitis (canker) is the collective name. This word defines infectious and inflammatory diseases of the mucous membranes of the oral cavity. It may even occur in adults but is most common in the preschool years. This is due to the fact that the mucous membrane of the mouth in children is still very delicate, easily damaged.

In the places of injuries (scratches, cracks, etc.) begins the impact of all kinds of microorganisms, which there are very many in the world around us.

Scientists believe that the emergence of this disease comes at a time when the protective immune system very sharply reacts to the emergence of unknown molecules and compounds. This forces lymphocytes to attack, and as a result, there are sores, redness, and inflamed areas.

Children usually can have several specific varieties of stomatitis. To identify the specific reason, it is very important, because different kinds require distinct from each other treatments.

Causes of the disease

from what occurs stomatitisThe reasons that provoke the appearance of this disease are various and are directly related to the species of stomatitis.

In each case, there is a single factor contributing to the development of this pathology. That is why all the reasons should be considered only in the context of types of the disease.

Herpetic virus (viral)

The most common for children – eight cases out of ten children. Often this term omits the definition of “viral” calling it simply “herpes”. The disease is common mainly for children from one year to three or four years.

The main route of infection is airborne. In addition, it is possible to contaminate through toys, household items and even the dishes, from which the child eats. Thus, the herpes virus enters the body of a child and the on the background of a reduced immunity settles in the places which are mostly injured – in the mouth.

Among its symptoms, there are those that resemble the common cold: fever, cough, swollen lymph nodes, a running nose.

The next day is characterized by a rash around the mouth, inside emerges an oval or round, yellowish with a red border ulcer. They exude an unpleasant odor, can be easily damaged, already appeared crust is very easy to tear off, after which the remaining injured areas start to bleed.

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Aphthous or allergic

This type is more common for preschool children. It appears as a reaction to certain medications. What kind – is hard to say, it depends on the individual organism. Signs and symptoms are quite ordinary, typical for almost all kinds. However, stomatitis, as a manifestation of allergy, does not occur too often.


It arises due to mechanical damage to the mucous membrane of the mouth and dirt and bacteria in place of the injury.

Injuries can be of various kinds. In some cases, it is only a dental problem as a child may have a malocclusion, the reason of which is all kinds of biting the tongue, cheeks and gums damaged.

In other – burns from too hot food, wounds from hard objects that the child tries to chew. In primary and secondary school, the cause may be a constant habit of biting his nails, a pen or pencil.

Fungal (Candida)

Quite often the kind is observed in small children under the age of 12-15 months, sometimes up to 3 years. Caused by a fungus belonging to the genus Candida.

At this age, the child receives as a major (later – optional) mother’s milk supply. Its remains in the mouth and are the perfect breeding ground for the active development of this type of fungus. Sometimes such kind of stomatitis may be called thrush.

The main feature of such severe stomatitis is the presence of milk-white plaque in the mouth and on the tongue. Parents in such cases often start to think how to treat stomatitis?

But the reason to worry should appear only then when the baby begins to give up food, for, after milk feeding, even healthy children will have a small white layer.

Micro biotic background

 bacteria as a cause of stomatitisIt may manifest itself in a school, pre-school and the youngest age. The main reason is the weakness of immune system and development of diseases such as a sore throat, pneumonia, sinusitis, bronchitis, that is associated with the nasopharynx.

The main source of infection is there, so the organism cannot resist another pathogenic factors.

In addition to the temperature, which can as well occur during the course of the underlying disease, symptoms can be very different. One, the most common in this case is lips stuck together and the formation of dense yellowish crust on them.

Children of 2-3 years

Stomatitis treatment in each case will differ significantly, however, same as the reason, the description of medical procedures and medicine will be filed separately for each kind.


Since it is caused by a virus of herpes, the basis of therapy will be antiviral medicine. Those ointments, which are commonly used for the treatment of herpes, which manifests itself on the skin of the face, are not suitable for application to the mucosa. Therefore, for the most part, special gels and candles issued for use on mucous membranes are used.

  • Viferon” is usually recommended for this age. In some cases – ointment for the treatment of the mouth cavity. The gel should not be used since the child cannot keep it on the mucous membrane and quickly swallows it.
  • If in addition there is the external appearance of lesions, one should treat with herpes ointments, such as for example Penciclovir cream (Denavir), Tetracaine cream (Viractin), lidocaine (Zilactin-L), Docosanol 10% (Abreva), Acyclovir (Zovirax) and the others.
  • Antipyretic will be necessary only if the temperature rises too high – more than 38°.
  • Rinse. Tinctures and herbs, in this case, does not give any result. Perhaps the use of drugs which affect directly on the virus, for example, “Chlorhexidine gluconate“.
  • In acute and chronic forms, it is also recommended to use certain immunomodulators.


It is featured as a very high degree of infectiousness. So, first of all, be sure to follow strict hygiene rules in the whole house, as well as personal hygiene.

  • Rinse with a solution of soda, “Stomatofit” sometimes with chamomile broth.
  • Anaferon” for children.
  • A medicine designed to facilitate the regeneration of, for example, “Solcoseryl” in this case – by a special toothpaste.
  • Symptomatic treatment. This, in particular, includes the antipyretics.
  • The use of antimicrobial agents – solution of oil “Chlorophylliptum” and oxolinic ointment.


stomatitis in a childIt is important here to define the cause if it is a manifestation of allergy. Primarily to exclude from meals all allergenic foods.

  • Antiallergic medicine. “Diazolin” will fit for children, as well as “Suprastin” and many others, not too aggressive means.
  • Treatment of damaged areas. In this case “Miramistin” for rinsing and “Holisal” for lubrication, to remove the pain is used.
  • Exposure to ultraviolet light directly on the affected area. A pediatrician or pediatric dentist can direct you to physiotherapy.
  • Brushing teeth and dental health. If the disease is caused by staphylococcus, then it is required to delete all early manifestations of caries and various scarf on the teeth.

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The children of 6 months of age – 1.5 years

To helping parents to get rid of sores in such young children, there are special recommendations for methods and drugs.

Most of the treatment in terms of the means does not differ from that described above. However, the six-month children simply cannot rinse the mouth themselves. Instead, wetting of places of disease with medicine-coated on gauze, cotton swabs is applied.

If rinsing is still necessary to carry out for a thorough cleaning of the mouth, then do so: the baby is laid on its side and using a syringe inject the desired solution. This can be compared to the way dentists use.

When thrush and it is necessary to reduce the level of acidity in the mouth, the sodium carbonate solution is used.

Any kind of disease involves a special diet, which excludes allergic and acidic foods, or very spicy and hot. It is also recommended to significantly reduce the amount of sweets and all sorts of sweet products.

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