We all know, and folk’s wisdom says: beauty is not the most important thing in a man. But we all want to be not just happy. And happiness is somehow cannot be imagined without external beauty. In particular, without a perfect smile.
Malocclusion does not just make teeth ugly, but often deform facial features, cause a lisp diction, violate the important functions of the organs.
Until recently, aesthetic dentistry did not exist. Only at the end of the twentieth century, after the end of the Cold War, it became available for us to use modern ways of orthodontic treatment.
Occlusion is formed within the first 15 years of life, and it is important to start treatment in early childhood. Therefore, a great responsibility lays on parents. After all, with the age, the therapeutic efficiency of treatment with braces is significantly reduced.
The content of the article:
By the principle of action of the various bracket systems, they do not differ from each other. Depending on the result to be obtained, orthodontist sets braces in a certain way.
Then, the arc is inserted in special grooves, which tends to return to its original position. Thus to the teeth with braces attached to them a certain force is made tending to move them to the programmed by doctor position.
Very often, after the removal of braces, a certain retention period is required: in order to avoid the mobility teeth are fixed with the help of special tools.
For the manufacture of braces typically different metal alloys are used. Ceramic and plastic models made to the color of teeth are also used.
There are the following types of braces according to their location:
Such systems can be fitted with an internal mechanism (called non-ligatures) or through special ligatures (ligature braces).
When this anomaly occurs teeth of the upper and lower jaws do not close, there is no contact between them. It is obvious that with such a defect it is very difficult to perform physiological functions: man bites and chews food with difficulties.
Also, there is an obvious aesthetic problem: shortened lower jaw, and bad-looking disposition of jaws and lips. When chewing food, the risk of periodontal or any other mouth tissues injuries increases dramatically. The diction is violated, there is a negative impact on the processes of swallowing and breathing.
The effectiveness of treatment depends on whether it was started in time. At the age of five or six years, various systems are used, which allow to fix the forming defect and transmit the load during the chewing onto the problem teeth (which is an essential condition for the formation of a healthy occlusion).
These are the plates with bite surface, and the Brukle device, Binnin kappa, and others. Starting with 12 years vestibular and lingual braces are applied.
If all stages of the treatment have been carried out in time, occlusion correction is achieved quickly enough, and retention period is usually not required.
When having this teeth defect of the upper and lower jaws relatively, each other are situated in a zigzag line intersecting at one or more dots. As in the case of supra occlusion, this anomaly leads to a variety of disorders of physiological functions (swallowing, chewing, breathing), diction and asymmetry of maxillofacial apparatus.
Orthodontic treatment should be started at the first signs of the appearance of described defects at the stage of formation of a milk occlusion. In this case special equipment, such as expanding the plate with springs, regulators of Frankel and others are used.
In adolescence, different types of braces are used, which allow to expand or contract dental arches on the relevant areas, forming nearby the normal arrangement of the upper and lower teeth, and ensuring equal chewing load.
Cross occlusion can be corrected at any age, but the defect is difficult to treat, especially for adults. Sometimes, additional types of medical intervention such as surgery are needed.
Period of treatment depends on many factors, but, if all the recommendations of dentist-orthodontist, the desired result can be achieved.
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When this anomaly occurs the teeth of the upper and lower jaws do not close in some places (the gap is formed). This defect can be formed not only as a result of developmental abnormalities of the maxillofacial unit (true or rachitic open occlusion) but also, it can be the result of injuries.
Emerging problems in humans are similar to those that are under the above forms of deviations (defective food biting and chewing, violations of diction, breathing and swallowing functions, the disproportionate development of the jaws and face).
Treatment is very difficult (especially in rachitic open occlusions) and integrated, including the use of surgical methods.
If the desired therapeutic effect cannot be achieved, the help of dental surgeon is needed.
When dystopia the tooth displacement occurs (deviation from the normal positioning forwards or backward, pivoting). Usually, this defect is peculiar for wisdom teeth (which are usually removed), not often – maxillary canines and premolars.
When dystopia injuring the surrounding tissues of the mouth is possible, as well as the violation of a number of functions (chewing, swallowing, etc.).
Orthodontic treatment of the given rejection (if it is not caused by injury) must begin no later than till 14 years. A variety of braces is used, therefore (before installing them preventing teeth can be removed). With the timely beginning of treatment, it is possible to get rid of the defect with a minimal cost.
As they grow, the gap between the teeth can grow and cause some discomfort for a person, including pain when eating. To repair the defect is possible in several ways (the installation of crownwork or veneers, restoration and so on), including the help of braces.
Orthodontic treatment includes leveling the gaps between the teeth, the duration of lasting of this correction is usually, at least, one year.
Sometimes teeth just do not fit (at their normal location) due to lack of space in the jaw. As a result, such a defect occurs. To get rid of the crowding of the teeth (if the person has such a desire) is possible by means of braces.
To do this, you must either extend the jaw (creating a load, moving all the teeth one by one from the center) or prior to orthodontic treatment to remove one or more teeth. The second option is used more often.
The speed of correction of the defect and the result depends on the patient’s age (it is desirable to begin treatment as soon as possible), as well as on the complexity of each case.
In mesial occlusion, the lower jaw teeth at the closing act go beyond the teeth of the upper jaw. In childhood, for the correction, certain types of orthodontic appliances are applied (various activators Brukle device, etc.).
In the case of strong deviations from the norm removal of some lower teeth is possible. The goal of treatment: curbing the excessive development of the lower jaw.
After the growth of the jaws to fix the mesial occlusion different braces are used. Sometimes in order to achieve the desired result, the help of dental surgeon is needed. After orthodontic treatment retention period to fix the result is required.
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Excessive protrusion of the upper jaw when closing. The most common deviation (fixed at more than half of the children).
With a strong expression, it can cause problems with chewing food, diction, to cause damage to the enamel and surrounding tissues of the mouth, not to mention the aesthetic component of the defect.
The main type of treatment (if needed) – orthodontic, using braces. The greatest effect is achieved when medical intervention was made in childhood. The duration of the course of wearing braces is usually about two years.
The desire of every person to the beauty and health is absolutely natural. It is necessary to promptly take care of oneself and the children. Modern dentistry can work wonders.
If desired, any malocclusion can be corrected. And then it will be possible without hesitation to smile outer world, bringing additional particle of happiness and warmth into it.