Sooner or later it happens to almost everybody. Dental clinic. A surgeon makes the final verdict: the extraction. And it is already impossible to change anything: time is lost, therapeutic treatment is not possible.
The content of the article:
Tooth extraction is a complex process that cannot take place without damaging the surrounding tissues. Therefore, the result from bleeding – is inevitable.
While operating (especially while extraction multiple roots teeth) not only tooth socket and gums can be damaged, but also periosteum, as well as bone tissues.
There are some very difficult cases when a doctor has to cut the gums and remove the remains of the tooth using a dental drill. As a result, the integrity of numerous blood vessels is violated.
Very often there appear problems in removing wisdom teeth, which, because of the anatomical features of the oral cavity are difficult to reach. Furthermore, they usually have a complex multi rooted structure.
All of these factors lead to significant injury to the surrounding tissue and increase the number of postoperative complications.
The strength and duration of the bleeding are largely dependent on the state of human health. Negative impacts have such diseases as high blood pressure, certain blood disorders (poor clotting, leukemia, etc..), the presence of acute or chronic infections (such as hepatitis).
Application of tooth removal medicine containing epinephrine may contribute to bleeding shortly after surgery (for after the termination of action of this hormone vasodilation occurs).
Very often complications are the result of other diseases of the oral cavity (cyst, inflammation of the gums, periodontal disease, and others.).
After removing the tooth, a dental surgeon lays a pad made of gauze in the formed hole (alveoli), which must be kept in the mouth, clenching jaws, within 15-30 minutes. After this, bleeding stops at most patients. If the problem is the result of damage to the gums, the doctor sews up its soft tissues.
If a tooth socket is strongly bleeding, a dental surgeon applies to the cold to a sore spot, and after a while, he clamps the problem spot with a soaked in special mixture swab that cannot be removed within five days. If necessary, the doctor prescribes taking strong medicines contributing an increased blood clotting.
Following the surgery, the doctor gives the number of required for recommendations.
If your doctor has prescribed medication, it is necessary to carry out their intake in a strict accordance with the instructions received.
People with unstable arterial pressure cannot allow its sudden changes, as well as exceeding the certain given by specialist norms. To do this you must regularly use tonometer and promptly take medication as prescribed by your doctor.
Absolutely unacceptable are physical overload and nervous stress. In cold weather, you need to dress warmly and to prevent hypothermia. You should also refrain from taking warm baths, and moreover from the bath procedures.
Before removing a tooth doctor should ask the patient in details about the acute and chronic diseases, the existing contraindications. In accordance with received information, a dental surgeon should determine the treatment plan, to tell the patient in details about the possibility of occurrence of various complications and preventive measures to eliminate them.
When negative factors (e.g. hypertension) or the removal of a large multi rooted tooth (or some) in order to prevent heavy bleeding it is advisable to carry out suturing.
Thus there is a decrease in the surface of an area of the wound, which contributes not only to the prevention of complications, but also to a rapid healing of damaged tissues.
Not following the prescribed by doctor’s guidelines may not only lead to increased bleeding but also to an occurrence of inflammatory processes in the tooth socket and surrounding tissues due to infection by pathogenic microorganisms.
Gums or a cheek may, for example, be swollen. If you notice such symptoms, you should immediately consult a doctor. It is unacceptable to conduct self-treatment, including the use of antibiotics.
Often, bleeding occurs soon after tooth extraction, when a person has returned home from a dental clinic. If it is not strong, you need to make a swab from a sterile gauze on your own, and apply it on the wound and fix for 20-30 minutes, providing as much as possible close contact with the wound surface.
You can use a healing effect of cold. For this purpose, a piece of ice (or small pieces of frozen products, or snow) should be laid to the cheek (outside only!) to the area and kept for five minutes.
To prevent frostbite by the cold bundle can lay a piece of cloth (handkerchief). The same procedure should be repeated 3 to 4 times at five-minute intervals.
While bleeding is not stopped, a gauze can be kept for several hours while the pressure on the socket should not be strong. To make the positive effects stronger you can impregnate gauze in 3% hydrogen peroxide.
In the absence of a positive result, it is necessary to seek for a medical help.
For pain relief, you can use legally available drugs prescribed by the doctor, except for Ketanov and aspirin (which reduce blood clotting).
The wound, formed after tooth extraction may bleed slightly a few days. This is a natural phenomenon that should not cause concern. It is sufficient to clearly comply with all requirements of your physician.
The most dangerous is a heavy bleeding, occurring a few hours after surgery.
If this kind of bleeding does not stop, and a general weakness, dizziness are added to it, there is an urgently need for a medical intervention. When you call the ambulance, you need to specify the root cause of poor health condition and in details describe the experienced symptoms.
At the hospital, to stop the bleeding the following activities such as burning of the area by means of an electric current (electrocoagulation), stitching wounds, the installation of the gauze with the medicine can be conducted. In rare cases, when the above steps do not lead to the desired result, the patient in the hospital is offered a stay.
Rinsing the mouth after a tooth extraction can bring a significant positive effect, but it is necessary to strictly follow the doctor’s recommendations.
Rinsing can be started in the absence of severe bleeding after at least one day after the operation. The procedure should be carried out with a small intensity, in order not to destroy the hole formed in the protective thrombus.
When selecting compositions for rinsing one should be guided by the advice of the surgeon-dentist. Good results bring the use of folk remedies.
The simplest of them is the salt solution. One-half of a teaspoon of the substance must be dissolved in a glass of warm water.
Instead of salt, you can use one tablet of furatsilin. Freshly brewed hot green tea has a beneficial effect on inflamed tissue.
Decoctions of herbs (plant juices) may be used on the fifth or seventh day after surgery. Aloe juice for gargling is diluted with a double the volume of warm water.
Decoctions of herbs such as calendula, valerian promotes rapid healing and tissue regeneration. A good anti-inflammatory effect has decoction from the root of Echinacea.
Another Folk advice is to drink usual tea as much as possible. It contains nutrients and promotes rapid recovery.
Any health problem is solved faster and more efficiently, the earlier you refer a qualified medical help. The best option is to take care of your teeth from an early age, have regular check-ups and immediately consult your doctor when the first symptoms of dental disease appear.
If, nevertheless, a tooth loss has occurred, it is desirable to comply with all of the above recommendations in this article.